ACTA in a Nutshell –
What is ACTA? ACTA is the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement. A new intellectual property enforcement treaty being negotiated by the United States, the European Community, Switzerland, and Japan, with Australia, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand, Mexico, Jordan, Morocco, Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, and Canada recently announcing that they will join in as well.
Why should you care about ACTA? Initial reports indicate that the treaty will have a very broad scope and will involve new tools targeting “Internet distribution and information technology.”
What is the goal of ACTA? Reportedly the goal is to create new legal standards of intellectual property enforcement, as well as increased international cooperation, an example of which would be an increase in information sharing between signatory countries’ law enforcement agencies.
Essential ACTA Resources -
- Read more about ACTA here: ACTA Fact Sheet
- Read the authentic version of the ACTA text as of 15 April 2011, as finalized by participating countries here: ACTA Finalized Text
- Follow the history of the treaty’s formation here: ACTA history
- Read letters from U.S. Senator Ron Wyden wherein he challenges the constitutionality of ACTA: Letter 1 | Letter 2 | Read the Administration’s Response to Wyden’s First Letter here: Response
- Watch a short informative video on ACTA: ACTA Video
- Watch a lulzy video on ACTA: Lulzy Video
Say NO to ACTA. It is essential to spread awareness and get the word out on ACTA.Via Tumblr
This is from my uncle (mum's brother, not mum's uncle, who is Tom):
My uncle, Tom Holmes, will be awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the 2nd highest medal for combat valor under the Medal of Honor, next Monday, Feb 2nd, at Barksdale AFB, Shreveport, La. He is 90 years old and in a wheel chair, so please pray for travel mercies for him, strength and good health for the trip. This medal is normally presented by the Vice-President, but Uncle Tom's health will not permit him to travel to Washington D.C. as requested. The Commander of the 8th Air Force will present the medal to him in a ceremony at 11am, followed by a reception/lunch at the Officer's Club.
This is a medal that should have been awarded to him during the war, but due to the hectic movement of airmen around the war fronts, was not. Some of the his other medals are: French Legion of Honor, IV Degree; Croix de Guerre; Silver Star; several Distinguished Flying Crosses; Purple Heart. Below is an excerpt from the DSC affadavit illustrating the battle action:
As related by LtCol. Bob Lehnhausen, who later, back in England, became the CO of the 68th Bomb Squadron of the
44th BG for the rest of WWII:
"In late June 1943, the 44th BG was transferred from the 8th AF to TDY with the 9th AF. The 44thBG joined the 98th Bomb Group at Benina Main airfield on the Libyan desert. This assignment was for the purpose of attacking the German held oil complex at Ploesti, Roumania. However, prior to that scheduled mission we were to support the upcoming Allied invasion of Sicily which took place on July 10, 1943.
The practice mission for the planned mission was conducted on Friday, July 30, 1943. Captain Holmes, our Operations Officer, asked me to fly the Ploesti mission because of the illness of two co-pilots. I readily agreed. We were briefed for this mammoth effort on Saturday by General Brereton, the 9th AF Commander. I vividly recall that he told us that, “If in the conduct of this important mission, you achieve the objective, but in the effort lose the total force, it will be worthwhile.” That really got the attention of the crews.
On Saturday evening, July 31, the night prior to the mission, Captain Holmes asked me to fly the Ploesti mission as co-pilot for Lt. Eunice Shannon. His co-pilot was ill. Shannon was a fairly new member of the squadron. I didn’t know him. However, he already earned a reputation amongst the other pilots as one who did not fly “good” formation. When I mentioned this to Holmes, he smiled and told me that was why I was being asked to fly with Shannon. He further stated that he knew that I would ensure that the problem would be corrected. As the mission was planned Shannon and I were to fly on Captain Holmes right wing in the first of the four waves of aircraft to attack the Blue V target, Creditul Minier refinery at Brazi, within the Ploesti complex. I recall with great clarity the whole of the epic air/land battle. I can also assure anyone that our B-24 enjoyed excellent formation position throughout this 13 hour 20 minute flight, from take-off, assembly, until landing.
The historic Ploesti mission was flown on Sunday, August 1, 1943. It was a low-level aerial attack by B-24 Liberator bombers upon the oil installations that supplied the German Army over thirty per cent of its critical petroleum products. The 44th Bomb Group was assigned two of the seven targets that were to be attacked in that operation. Colonel Leon W. Johnson, our Group Commander, led a group of sixteen (16) bombers against the Columbia Aquila refinery with the target designated as WHITE V. The second target of the 44th BG was the Creditul Minier refinery at Brazi which was designated the code name BLUE V. This target was assigned twenty (20) 44th BG aircraft. The plan for BLUE V detailed that the specific aiming points were to be two separate targets assaulted by four waves of five planes each.
These waves would be flying from the initial point (IP) of the bomb run a formation similar to a flat letter M. BLUE V had two distinct and separate targets. BLUE V was commanded by our Deputy Group CO, Lt. Col. James Posey. His pilot was Captain John Diehl, commander of the 68th Squadron. Diehl was at the point of the left most leading point of the M, to which I have referred. His specifically assigned target was the Distillation Plant. Diehl, together with his wingmen had a bomb run alley with a breadth of 300 feet. That is tight formation flying when one considers that the wing span of a B-24 was just at 110 feet. The other target of the flat M on the right most leading point of the letter M was led by Captain Tom Holmes, the Operations Officer. His assigned target was the Power House/Boiler house and was to be handled by himself, his right wingman (Shannon/Lehnhausen), and following formation. Holmes was assigned an even tighter bombing alley width of 180-feet requiring exceptional and even tighter formation flying. Holmes completely destroyed his Boiler/Power House target. His target is shown in Exhibit C.
I recommend that the Citation for the Distinguished Service Cross for Captain Walter T. Holmes be stated as follows:
WALTER T. HOLMES, 0-437615, Captain, 68th Bombardment Squadron 44th Bombardment Group (H). For distinguishing himself by extraordinary heroism in operations against the Ploesti Oil Refineries of Rumania on August 1943. As Operations Officer of the 68th Bombardment Squadron, Captain Holmes piloted a lead aircraft in a formation of B-24 type aircraft that attacked a highly important oil refinery at extremely low altitude. Because of the nature of the target it was imperative for the lead pilot to follow an exact course to and over the target. Some fifteen miles before reaching the objective, Captain Holmes’ aircraft was subjected to heavy point blank anti-aircraft and machine -gun fire. Knowing that to take evasive action would disrupt the close flying formation, Captain Holmes, thinking only of the complete destruction of his separate target ahead, and with complete disregard for personal risk of life, kept fast to the course leading his formation through fire and smoke straight over the target. His courageous determination and exceptional piloting skill made possible the successful and full destruction of his target. Residence at Commission: Denton, Texas.
I make the above statements to the best of my knowledge, memory, and notes in support of my Recommendation to correct an administrational error, mistake or oversight, and to award the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain Walter T. Holmes for his extraordinary heroism and target leadership."
Date: _____________ _____________________________________
Robert J. Lehnhausen, Lt. Col. USAF Ret.
1) Exhibit “A”: Target Blue V Aircraft Formation Plan
2) Exhibit “B”: HQ, 9 AF, Gen. Order No. 90 (2 pgs.)3
3) Exhibit “C”: Target Blue V diagram of two targets
- Current Location:Llama Lair 3.0
- Humeur actuelle: so very proud
- Musique actuelle:none
Fast forward awhile.
I roll over, see the clock, and panic. It's 7:15 and I am frantic in my head. I bolt out of bed, my mind rushing withou how I'm possibly going to make up for this snafu. I need to call the school, arrange for someone to watch the kids while I frantically prepare myself.
As I'm in the bathroom, I realize: It's 7:15 PM right now. DUMBARSE.
- Current Location:Llama Lair 3.0
- Humeur actuelle: slightly dumb
- Musique actuelle:Zombie - Cranberries
( This is my Uncle TomRéduire )
Today is Uncle Tom's 89th birthday. And today, he recieved a very special present from the French people.
Aujourd'hui, il a été nommé chevalier de la Légion d'honneur pour ses services militaires pendant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale.
Today, he was named Knight of the Legion of Honor for his military services during World War II. The Legion of Honor is the highest military honor given by the French Republic. Uncle Tom flew thousands of bombing missions, and in particular, one mission in which a German shell exploded above his head and that of his co-pilot, leaving 175 pieces of shrapnel in his head. He was passed out for six to seven minutes. When he came to, he knew he was in trouble because, as he said, "The English Channel was overhead." His bombadeer insisted that he be given a shot of morphine, but Uncle Tom refused. Without the benefit of GPS or a map, much less knowing where they were, he and his crew found their air base and barely pulled out a landing. He was treated for his wounds, awarded the Purple Heart, and three weeks later, was out on another volunteer mission.
He flew missions all over the European theatre throughout the war, earning commendation after commendation:
Silver Star - Distinguished Flying Cross with Oak Leaf Cluster
Air Medal with four Oak Leaf Clusters
Pre-Pearl Harbor Yellow Ribbon
British Distinguished Flying Cross
French Croix de Guerre
Presidential Citation with Oak Leaf Cluster
European Theatre Ribbon with Three Stars
American Theatre Ribbon with One Star
European Theatre of Operations with three Stars
WWII Victory Medal
As well, paperwork has been submitted for him to receive the Distinguished Service Cross, which should have been awarded to him for his role in the Ploesti raid of 1943, but was lost in the turmoil of the times.
Despite all of this recognition, Uncle Tom considers his greatest achievement throughout the war was that in all of his flying, he never lost a crew member.
- Current Location:Llama Lair
- Humeur actuelle: so proud I could burst
- Musique actuelle:Compression of Time - Nobuo Uematsu